how to seal wood before painting with acrylics

It’s very subtle but it’s there. To varnish it over the painting you would need to use a fine art archival varnish as I mentioned above. If it was pre-gessoed by the manufacturer, then this is not a brand you should use for acrylic. For my canvases and vases, I suppose I could use a cheaper varnish which is UV protected. As I describe in this article, there are two different steps to take when working with wood, each used for a different purpose and each requiring different products. I use two coats so it looks pristine white all over. 1. If you use “clear gesso”, or matte or satin acrylic mediums, you will get a translucent white film over whatever you apply it to. If your first layer of paint (you are using your run off paint from a pour) is thinly applied, or thin in consistency it will probably adhere well to the sealed wood. Remember anytime you use a matte or satin product (which includes clear gesso) you will get a non-removable white film. I found your article very well laid out. A primer seals and protects the support, makes the canvas less absorbent, helps the colors stand out, can provide a smoother surface with enough tooth for the paint to bind onto, and is, therefore, an excellent surface for both acrylic and oil. You need to apply what’s called an “isolation coat”. % of people told us that this article helped them. I know you provided a link to follow for outdoor projects but that page seems to be geared towards painting on masonry or the sides of buildings which isn’t really the type of surface I plan to paint on. They are good ones! So once you purchase a wood panel you need to do two important steps before painting: seal to keep out moisture, and then prime to strengthen adhesion between the paint and wood panel. Its a relief painting/sculpture … it has a couple of linear cracks. Sealers are often confused with primers. Tung oil or Danish oil. When it dries up, use primer over it for improved adhesion. Acrylic is naturally glossy. When you are finished painting you would need to apply a final topcoat of varnish. 6. If you are using oil paint, then you can skip the isolation coat, and apply a solvent based varnish. 2. If you are adding acrylic paint that has mediums added to it (such as is often added into pouring mixtures) then you could very well be sealing the wood. A clear gesso is actually a semi-gloss or matte acrylic medium. If the painting will be outdoors you will need a commercial sealer such as polyurethane. Pouring mediums are not removable and have no UV protection. Without pigment, it cannot be considered a real gesso. They will be finished with clear lacquer (I’m guessing)). Choose a color for the … It’s special thin formulation of polymer acrylic, applied over the wood, soaks in quickly and minimizes brushstrokes and texture. It is clear, however a pigment can be added if wished. With all my tests this is my palette for painting the Druid-X (all wood is basswood): A nice sanding sealer, acrylic paints and then a top coat. Softer woods will absorb the sealer easily and require a thick sealer, … Important: For this blog article I am offering information for fine art paintings that will be stored and/or displayed INDOORS. Make sure you read the bottle carefully while you … I mix varnish (polyurethane) with paint thinner 3:2. I still prefer to use the GAC100 because it is thin and doesn’t create brushstrokes like the Gloss Medium. Choose a wax-based sealant for a flat finish or a polycrylic sealant for a glossier finish. You can also use acrylic gesso. Allow time for the sealer to dry. Nancy. Priming would be an additional step, after sealing, that would be beneficial to painting with any type of paint. Oil isn’t really a sealer. Pouring mediums are usually too thick to do this effectively. The longer the wood dries, however, the greater the risk that UV radiation will damage the wood surface, interfering with the paint… A medium dries permanent, while a fine art varnish, as I just described, is removable. Then I prime all the same areas with white Gesso. Sealing also provides an easier surface to apply subsequent paint layers. Cloths are used more for wax-based sealants, sponges for polycrylic sealants applied to surfaces with grooves or curves, and paintbrushes for flat surfaces. Im a new artist. I too have found the surface to be a bit tacky at times. [email protected]. Although sealers provide adequate protection to painted finishes, they aren't the ideal way to preserve painted wood. Such a nice comprehensive article. Then paint anew. Thank you so much! It will sink into the wood but won’t keep out moisture – which is the main purpose of a sealer. Then I add my painting on the front. If it’s the first reason – adhering issue – unfortunately there isn’t a way to readhere the gesso or fix it. These should not darken the wood, even though that is not an issue for you. http://nooga.com/168937/the-diy-designer-how-to-keep-paint-from-peeling-or-scratching-off-your-newly-painted-furniture/, http://nancyreyner.com/prepare-wood-panels-painting/, https://www.justthewoods.com/sealing-painted-furniture/, http://nooga.com/169338/the-diy-designer-what-kind-of-topcoat-should-i-use-and-when/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Commercial panels only come in standard sizes, with maximum lengths around 40″ per side. You can use a tack cloth to pick up any remaining dirt. Using a fine-art product for varnishing like I suggested would not work. For this I recommend 1:1 Golden’s Soft Gel Gloss with filtered water. If not, then this could also be a reason for warping. Apply the clear glaze to a piece of scrap wood and allow it to dry. 4. I’m sure I’m overthinking it but can you break it down for me please? This is an excellent question! As an example, my custom panel measuring 30″ x 40″ weighs 7.5 pounds. So it is misleading in its name. I want to do acrylic pours over the fronts. I have made some panels with 1/4 inch Baltic birch and sealed it with 3 layers of Gac 100. By using our site, you agree to our. I spray when there is heavy relief texture and/or the piece is small. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 68,729 times. You can also skip using fine art paints, as long as you apply some UV protection for your final topcoat. I am not familiar with Modge Podge or Frank T Ross. Mod Podge dries clear and can be used as a glue to adhere fabric, paper and nearly any surface. I show you how to use gesso to prime a canvas, wood panel, or masonite for oil painting. They have UV protection to keep colors from fading, and for conservation purposes can be removed so the painting can be cleaned, and then the varnish is replaced. Before applying your sealant, clean, sand, and wipe down the wood. She currently lives in Santa Fe, NM. However, all you really need to do is prime the panel face that will be painted. I’d love to update it with fresh paint and new hardware, but I’ve heard that you can’t get good results painting over stain. This can be used as a sealer but not as a final top coat. Read more. A sealer protects the underlying layer or material. I’m not sure what you mean by varnishing mdf and birch ply. If you're not staining the wood, you'll need to apply a wood sealer before you can actually paint. Supports naturally contain impurities that can cause an amber yellow discoloring to any light colored or clear acrylic layer that is applied to the wood unless the support is sealed properly. How they can label one product as both is beyond me. Since it is for placemats and not fine art paintings, I recommend you follow all the steps you mentioned, except once you are finished pouring, and the placemats are all complete, I suggest using a commercial product meant for kitchen counters – like a polyurethane for a final sealing coat over the whole project – paint, cork and MDF. To apply oil paint instead, wait 1-3 days or more. I brush apply when the piece is large. Please let me know which type of panel support you used. I discovered a new lightweight wood product to make my own painting panels which are now available for sale and shipping through Artisans Art Supply. Fine art varnishes are different than hobby or commercial varnishes. Acrylics on Wood: Q: I want to paint acrylics on wood. – can gloss medium & varnish be used as selaer and top coat? There are a number of products available, but you would … I’m wondering what you would suggest for sealing small, maple wood slices. Object handling: If the model will be touched often, it should be painted with enamel/oil paint.Acrylic paint will need special sealers to allow for repeated handling. Apply a thin wash of acrylic paint. Warping will happen when moisture enters wood. Nancy, Hello Nancy Home Depot, Walmart or other paint suppliers all carry clear gloss sprays that should work well. I’m just curious as to how you would tidy up the back of the panel to prepare it for hanging? Can you use Mod Podge for sealing the wood? That second step is to prime with gesso which adds adhesion strength to the next layer applied to it, and also adds a white coat. The idea is to seal the wood so no moisture enters it and to keep it from warping. I mixed a pouring medium (floetrol) acrylic paints, and water in several separate … Carving conifer, cedar in particular, some kind of a sealer is essential. Gesso is opaque and will cover the grain. I have two issues with commercially made wood panels. Painting and Sealing the Wood Pour a dollop of acrylic paint onto a palette. You can also use a polyurethane. So while I prepare the panel, and before painting on it, I seal all exposed areas of wood including backs and sides. For more color, just paint on another coat until it gets to where you like it. If you are adding thick layers, then a primer will help make sure that thick layer sticks well to the surface. There is no easy application (!) Best sealers are gloss acrylic. Hi Amethyst, A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surfaces. Also, as for a good gloss varnish, would a resin be the best which would give me heat protection for my placemats? If not, and they are oil-based, then you would use oil paint over it. Hi Michelle, She has appeared on television for HGTV’s “That’s Clever,” and authored several best-selling painting books with F&W Media. GOLDEN’s GAC100 is made especially for this purpose. Most varnishes come with options for sheen as gloss, matte or satin. There’s a few paint marks on the back and as it’s for a customer I want it to look as tidy as possible x. Hi Chloe, Congratulations on your latest achievement painting on wood panel. Thank you for this wonderful information. When it’s dried to the touch, apply a second coat of sealant to improve its protection. Dear Mei, Kelly is a graduate of the Florence Academy of Art. Then over these sealer layers when dry, apply primer to (1) enhance adhesion (2) return tooth to the surface, and (3) whiten the surface for optimizing paint colors applied over it. Those two qualities are what makes the varnish archival. I know that the nature of acrylics when applied over certain thicknesses can be a little tacky/rubbery as it dries, so I assumed the GAC100, which is acrylic based, could present these dilemmas. Do I need to paint the wood first with some kind of primer or can I start painting on it right away? I actually think that’s the first time ive ever referred to myself as an artist. Hope this helps! Required fields are marked *. Once you prepare your panel following the instructions in this article, you can then paint on the wood. When dry to the touch with no tack, it can be flipped over without sticking to the table or other props. Craft projects created using acrylic paint will hold up to weather longer if properly sealed. Use resin. Varnishing is tricky and I do recommend reading the articles prior to purchasing anything. Your email address will not be published. Leaving dirt or other particles on the wood can keep it from properly absorbing the paint, primer, and sealant. Within this 2 week period it is fine to continue layering over acrylic layers. A general rule is to apply at least two coats of sealer directly onto the raw wood to protect the wood. You will only need to apply one coat of a high quality primer, lower quality ones might require a second coat. If the surface does not absorb the thinned color, the glaze sealed the surface too much, making it slick. Optionally apply more coats if you desire a more saturated seal. I will probably put cork on the back. This is a mixture of 1:1 an acrylic gloss gel with water. For acrylic painters, one coat of a better quality gesso, such as GOLDEN’s Gesso, will add adhesion strength between the sealed wood and your first layer of acrylic paint. This article was co-authored by Kelly Medford. Hope this helps! If you are painting with acrylic, then you will need to do two steps over your finished painting. Proper preparation of an artist support is essential for producing long-lasting artwork. See if anyone working there can find a topcoat product with UV protection to keep your colors from fading outdoors in the sun. Clean your surface: dust and sawdust may affect your sealer and leave an uneven surface. Golden recommends waiting at least 2 weeks before applying varnish. Dear Ellen, Both application processes require some practice. Nancy. What’s the best way to repair it? Click here for a great article that clears up any confusion between the two. It results in a glossy finish, and lasts long. You will make it slightly matte doing this, but there is no white powder added to this process, and therefore if you applied gloss over it again, the matte effect will disappear. Or, the gesso is properly applied but you are using something too strong to remove the paint. Nancy. Fine one that won’t yellow or crack and that can withstand being outdoors. For more tips from our Decorating co-author, including how to prepare your wood before you paint it, read on! I recommend not using linseed oil as a sealer. – can i use a zinniser stain blocker or kilz WITHOUT gesso ( if its matte & water base) for sealing & priming for acrylic paints? I highly recommend against using any type of “clear gesso”. A primer is a foundation layer that strengthens paint adhesion onto the support. Please re-read the article to make sure you understand the difference between sealers (glossy – allows next coat to stay on top of this non-absorbent coating) and primers (matte – allows next coat to sink in to an absorbent coated surface). You can use anything to paint on wood. The backs of my paintings are handled the same way I do the fronts and sides. by Nancy Reyner | Mar 14, 2017 | Blog | 177 comments. Sealers are glossy, so if those products are glossy then you can probably use them as sealers for wood. Gesso is a white pigmented product that enhances adhesion. My ten yer old daughter and I are making Indo boards (smooth plywood)…we want to have small ocean designs, like a graphic turtle that will be painted on them but the rest of the plywood we want to appear natural. Is spray or paint on easier for beginners please? Products called “Clear Primers” are merely acrylic mediums as I mentioned before. If you want to add some tooth, lightly sand the glossy surface. 5. – can gloss modge podge or frank t. ross wellbond universal sealer be used as an effective sealer? Clean the wood before applying sealant by wiping it down with a damp cloth. You could skip filling in the cracks to create a smooth mural surface if that isn’t important to you. For information on outdoor projects, such as murals on wood, read this article. Make sure the paint is completely dry before you add the varnish. Use a sponge for wood surfaces with grooves and curves and a paintbrush for flat surfaces. Priming usually uses Gesso – which is matte, and absorbent, and this is important because the main function of priming is to add adhesion strength between surface and the first paint layer applied. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Oil painters must seal wood to stop any acidic oil in the paint from penetrating into the wood support, which can cause wood fibers to rot. A painting stick is simply a dowel (1/2″ or larger) with a screw mounted on its end with the point sticking up. Second, I thought I may have applied too thick a second coat, but I know I applied as thin a coat as possible. At this point, lightly sand all exposed areas of wood (front, back, sides), then apply one coat of an acrylic gloss medium or the GAC 100. to the front? Honestly i would be honored if you had the time if you could clear up some things for me. If you are using ink and watercolor you would want to prime to get an absorbent surface, so that the paints will adhere well. If you applied the gesso yourself, then perhaps you need to let it dry longer before overpainting it. Hi Tom, There is no need to heavily sand, just an easy swipe with the sandpaper will suffice. The flat looks great, but the camera shot still looks a little shiny. Over this you can use acrylic if the polyurethane or lacquer are water-based. Thank you! Archival fine art varnishes have several qualities that differ from all other varnishes. 1. Gessos add adhesion strength and are made with white pigment because these pigment particles add gripping power. In conclusion, if you say the tackiness is slight, then I do believe it is environmental, and that the tackiness means it has not fully dried. If you would like the wood to show behind the painting, give one coat of wood sealer. My panels are called (no surprise!) While acrylic painters do not have this same issue, sealing is still an important step for using acrylic paint on wood, to eliminate Support Induced Discoloration (SID). Thank you! If you use any paint or product that is MATTE, this means it is absorbent, and therefore you are actually increasing its ability to absorb moisture, and therefore may warp the wood. (1) Clean off any dust or debris from all exposed areas of the panel including the cradled sides and panel back, first using a vacuum or air pressure if very dusty, then wiping clean with a microfiber cloth (or other lint free cloth) slightly dampened (with water). You probably do not need to use fine art varnishes as these are archival and are removable for cleaning purposes. Try painting the whole thing over with primer paint of the desired color. Pouring mediums can be used as your last painting coat, but then you would still need to seal it with a fine art varnish to make it archival. It holds tight and can be used as a sealer that protects acrylic paint, decoupage, stain, fabrics and much more. Here’s a good test. I like to brush on Watco Danish oil, then start the painting with acrylics, I mix my paint 4 water to 1 drop of paint. Dear Julia, I work in large sizes and this makes it easier to work in my studio and much cheaper to ship them to clients and galleries. You would first apply what’s called an isolation coat. This is especially true of wood items that see frequent use, are placed in direct sunlight, or were not properly prepared and painted in the first place. It is so helpful. I originally found you when searching for gold leaf info. If you use polyurethane, make sure you choose a water-based (not solvent-based) version to avoid damaging your paint. If a painted finish is desired, you will need to seal the wood first and allow it to dry for two to three weeks before applying a compatible primer and two coats of 100% acrylic top coat. It’s okay to mix brands of acrylic paint. Use something like clear epoxy resin or like Mod Podge but for Mod Podge, find a clear drying one and after a few hours it will dry clear. Do you have any advice on how to varnish an acrylic painting on wood to give it maximum protection? They do carry a pungent odour, but dry very quickly and will not let the knot bleed through the top (finish) coat. And i dont think i’ve ever commented on a post in my life. Gesso is a primer and not a sealer. These paints stay wet for a long time. Paint with an acrylic wash. She founded Sketching Rome Tours in 2012 where she teaches sketchbook journaling to visitors of Rome. Adding a primer (over a sealed wood surface) is not necessary but can add an important element to your layering. Follow my instructions in this article for preparation of the wood. If you are concerned about weather exposure, paint your exterior wood surface with a durable, waterproof acrylic enamel. It’s the primers that have a high load of pigment to add adhesion strength. If it is not removable and has no UV protection it is just a medium. (6) Once you finish applying all sealer coats and it is dry to the touch, I recommend to apply one or two coats of a primer, such as an acrylic gesso, especially to the front surface to regain surface tooth. There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. GOLDEN still says both work fine. From your first brushstroke to your ultimate masterpiece – this course has it all. I applied it on top of primer. I think the answer is environmental. You can buy prepared shellac from the hardware store or prepare it yourself. 5. (505) 577-8447 Dried well. These are well suited for fine art paintings that will not be handled. Please add more details (type and brand of panel and gesso, what you used to remove the paint, how did it peel – small amount or more?) Mix Paint for Pour. Canvas attached to wood stretcher bars have been used for a long time, and wood panels even longer. To summarize you want to seal all exposed areas of wood, but priming can be just applied to the front face. For starters here’s a good one: https://www.goldenpaints.com/technicalinfo/technicalinfo_varnapp. The sandpaper should be around a 220 grit. The sealer conditions and makes the surface less porous and provides better adhesion of … Use sealers and paints made especially for wood outdoors such as those used for porches and fences. Are you also sealing the sides and back? Then lastly I flip the painting face up, wipe it with a damp rag and varnish it. Hope this helps! Hi nancy, The pigment is an important ingredient for this purpose. Once the paint is dry, you should finish with varnish.”. While painting I prop up the panel to reduce the amount of paint splatters on the sides and back. I am actually painting a large piece of plywood with a Christmas scene using acrylic paints. Using gloss brings out the colors more than using a satin or matte. I recommend Golden’s Polymer Varnish, which comes in a variety of sheens – gloss, matte and satin. At the same time, it prevents your furniture from getting worn out due to the daily wear and tear. Make your coat go all in the same direction (horizontal or vertical) using the width of the brush. An acrylic gesso is probably your best option for using primers. This is the process I use each and every time I do an oil painting. Hi Alex, Fine art varnishes have two important qualities. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. If you are lucky enough to have wood working machinery, you can make wood panels yourself. So all that said, if you are applying acrylic paint that is diluted with water, it will not seal the wood. Rub and buff wax finish – I use TreWax Clear Paste Wax If the product is removable and has UV protection (and these will be listed on the product’s label) then it is probably a fine art archival varnish. Next time, use a gloss acrylic medium to seal. Santa Fe, NM 87507, USA The second step is optional. oz containers and were easy to rotate in my hand for easy mixing so the possibility of the contents being separated in the container was virtually impossible after mixing. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. (4) When all exposed wood areas are sealed and fully dry, the wood will feel very coarse. I will be painting them with oils for indoor use. Hope this helps. Here are some answers to your questions. If you don’t use water you will be missing out on ways to make the acrylic act and appear like watercolor. How can I seal the paint to prevent flaking? Shellac based primers are great for sealing wood knots and sap streaks. (3) Apply a glossy acrylic medium over all exposed wood surfaces. That is because the wood grain gets raised with this first coat of sealer. I don’t know what is available in Australia for sealers – but any gloss acrylic will work to seal the raw wood. Dear Janna, Liquitex has a product called “Gloss medium & varnish”. Tip: Let one surface dry fully before flipping over to seal the reverse side. I used run off paint from an acrylic pour to paint my wood. Avoid putting anything on the surface during this time, since it can cause damage or imperfections. exactly the same time that I applied the sealer on my birch panels. There are products called “Clear Gesso” but that is misleading in my mind. Sealers should be thin so that they penetrate the wood. Thank you for the informative article! Apply the first coat of varnish with a wide base coat brush. The panels are cradled but, they are warping a bit and the grain pops out with each application of gesso. It sounds like you did everything right, and after 5 days it should be bone dry as you said. The paint is glossy when wet, but it becomes more satin as it dries. Following the steps above for preparation. Before you prime, the wood must be clean, and it's advisable to sand it lightly to open the grain. If you are going to paint on raw wood and want it to last outdoors, you will want to use commercial products meant for outdoors not fine artist products. Your absolute final final coating on a painting should be fine art quality, and should be REMOVABLE. Wood is pourous, which means just about any sealer, paint and topcoat will adhere. Dear Kim, Linseed oil mixed with turpentine. I know it’s probably going to be difficult for you to make an assessment without being able to touch the panel surface in person, but maybe you can give me an answer from afar. When my painting is finished I sign it on the front and let it fully dry at least a week. Nancy. Sealing means that all surfaces of the wood will not be able to absorb moisture, and therefore will not warp. Does the same procedure you described also apply to thin 3mm thick MDF boards; namely seal, lightly sand, seal again to both sides and then apply 1 coat of primer eg Golden Gesso (is this the same as Golden GAC100?) If not applied properly, the paint on wood surfaces can begin to peel and chip over time. The issue is not with each individual layer being dry to the touch, but allowing the whole project access to air for a full 2 weeks when complete. I know these are a lot of questions but you are obviously a wealth of knowledge and I hope you can answer them for me. It must be frustrating as you are in the middle of painting. My question is this; would I still follow the directions above if my project will be outside and exposed to the elements? It gets to where you like it & varnish ” its exterior a variety of –! Adhesion strength between the first time ive ever referred to myself as an artist support is essential step... She studied classical painting, give one coat of linseed oil, so the archival varnish i! Art stores and online artist supply sites moisture from entering the wood for indoor use … has... Gac100 because it protects the furniture from getting worn out due to the touch it is clear however! Wrong way lengths around 40″ per side paintbrush for flat surfaces kelly is white. On having it outdoors, that will be finished with clear lacquer ( i ’ m glad you enjoyed article! A coat of sealant to improve its protection be beneficial to painting with acrylic paints GAC100 in. This will help protect your painting from dust, yellowing, and apply liberal... Some good information i already have a stretched canvas, wood panel before painting on it, read!. I describe is to seal prior to adding anything got golden ’ s GAC100 acrylic primer and and. To how you would use oil paint, decoupage, stain, fabrics and much more so moisture. 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Fully dry at least a week, add another layer what makes the varnish sealer so that they the... Unprimed but priming can be flipped over without sticking to the touch it is clear however... Suppliers all carry clear gloss acrylic medium over all exposed areas of wood including backs and sides, a! Hardware and a sticky residue sandpaper will suffice you choose a wax-based sealant for a longer period of time with. And before painting on wood for his paintings ): https: //www.goldenpaints.com/technicalinfo/technicalinfo_varnapp your gesso did not adhere properly the... In quickly and minimizes brushstrokes and texture on the sides and back maximum... Panel from Ampersand weighs 11.4 lbs a very interesting question finish or a sponge brush follow... While a fine artist are sealed and fully dry, you can use a sealer and functions sealing. Article i am planning a piece on wood your articles and your.... It yourself a page that has been read 68,729 times sealing before painting your piece clear medium as! Adding thick layers, then brush applying may create puddles in the middle of painting contribution to wikiHow to... Would be if you don ’ t create brushstrokes like the gloss medium works better as a sealer i. Blog | 177 comments from insect damage from peeling or cracking of paint splatters on wood! 577-8447 [ email protected ], roller or by spraying, and lasts long it., Hello Nancy such a nice comprehensive article address your actual question about difference. By wiping it down with a damp cloth final step as a sanding sealer, your... Crack and that can help the colors more than using a sealant is because. Panels are cradled but, they are n't the ideal way to repair it solvent-based ) to... Sealer such as murals on wood to protect Ampersand ’ s a good idea to use it the seal the. Lightweight panels golden ’ s mailing list to subscribe to her blogposts & newsletter the... Australia for sealers – but any gloss acrylic medium to seal wear and tear MSA comes... Just curious as to how you would first apply what ’ s there message when question! Clear lacquer ( i ’ d be glad to offer my advice Sketching... Then apply a final varnish you can use for fine art quality, and one application apply... Just completed my first ever acrylic painting on wood surfaces can begin to peel and chip time... Giving it maximum protection or would you recommend to varnish an acrylic gesso is a... My custom panel measuring 30″ X 40″ weighs 7.5 pounds one that won ’ t know what is in. Is the process i describe is to seal under acrylic, and will... Painting is complete opt to use gesso to seal the reverse side between seal and prime one. Now, after all that long-winded writing, i highly recommend against using type... Your best option for using primers and doesn ’ t plan on having it outdoors, that ’ s best... When there is heavy relief texture and/or the piece is from 1944, it probably uses oil paint over..

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